Diamond Education

Diamonds are the one of the true wonders of nature, created deep within mother earth herself over billions of years. Like us, everything is unique with its own personal characteristics.  To own diamonds is a true treasure in life, to wear diamonds is an experience.  Many people buy diamonds as a symbol of love, to bring romance, passion and joy when celebrating an occasion. 

Diamonds are the world's most exquisite gemstones; the hardest transparent substance known to man.  Diamonds have been revered and sought after for thousands of years.  Their ability to reflect light and create an explosion of sparkle and fire ignited imaginations and passions all over the world. 

When purchasing a diamond; the 4Cs; Cut, Color, Clarity and Carat are important to consider.  It is a combination of the 4Cs that determines a diamond's beauty and value.


The cut of a diamond is vital to release the fire and brilliance of the stone and as a result, cut is regarded as an important component of the 4C's.Cut:  The cut of a diamond is vital to release the fire and brilliance of the stone and as a result, cut is regarded as an important component of the 4Cs.  When a diamond is cut to specific proportions, light will reflect from one facet to another and disperse through the top of the stone resulting in a display of fire and brilliance.  Diamonds that are cut too deep or too shallow lose light as it spills through the sides or bottom of the stone resulting in a dull and less brilliant appearance.  Diamonds come in a variety of shapes and new variations are being designed as alternatives to more conventional shapes.


Diamonds range in color from colorless to near colorless, to yellow or brownish yellow.Color:  Diamonds range in color from colorless to near colorless, to yellow or brownish yellow.  The most valuable and highest quality diamonds have no color in them.  Color is rated on a scale that ranges from D-Z. (D-F) Colorless, (G-J) Near Colorless, (K-M) Faint Yellow, (N-R) Very Light Yellow, (Q-Z) Yellow, and (Z+) Fancy Yellow.


The fewer and smaller the inclusions, the more valuable the diamond becomes.Clarity:  Every diamond has natural markings.  These markings are referred to inclusions.  Often invisible to the unaided eye but when viewed under a jeweler’s loupe or microscope at 10X magnification, these inclusions may or may not be visible.  The fewer and smaller the inclusions, the more valuable the diamond becomes. IF- internally flawless, no natural characteristics visible under 10x magnification. Extremely rare. VVS1-VVS2- very very slight- minute characteristics, extremely hard to see under 10x magnification. VS1-VS2- very slight- very minor characteristics.  Difficult to see even under 10x magnification. SI1-SI2-slightly included- slight characteristics that can be seen under 10x magnification. I1-I2- included- characteristics are visible to the naked eye.


Carat:  Diamond carat is the standard used to measure diamond weight.  Each carat is divided into 100 parts, called points.  So if a one-carat diamond = 1.00 carat or 100 points, a ¾ carat diamond = 0.75 carats or 75 points and so on.  As diamonds increase in size, their cost tends to increase exponentially.  Weight does not always enhance the value of a diamond-particularly if it is cut poorly.